Bill Gates was born in Seattle (Washington, USA) to the family of corporate lawyer William Henry Gates II, as well as Mary Maxwell Gates, who held executive positions on the board of several major American companies. Bill was the second child in the family, he has two sisters - the older Christie and the younger Libby.
When the boy went to school, his parents wrote him to the most privileged school in Seattle - Lakeside. The favorite subject for Bill was programming, to which he devoted almost all his free time. As a teenager, the American wrote his first game in Basic. Although these were simple "Tic-tac-toe," but for the boy they became the starting point in his future professional success.
At the prestigious school in Seattle, the student began to develop programming skills on a minicomputer, but some subjects could hardly be strengthened. In particular, he considered lessons in grammar and civics as trivial, but in mathematics, the future billionaire had only the highest scores. In elementary school, Bill did not show results at all, and estimates disappoint parents so much that they turned to specialists for help. Agitated parents were forced to send their son to a psychiatrist.
In high school, Bill meets Paul Allen, who will later become his main business partner, but at school, guys are more amused by hacking computer programs without thinking about the strategy for developing unique ideas. In 1970, together with his school friend, Bill wrote the first program to regulate traffic and organized a company for its distribution, which was called Traf-O-Data. This project brought the authors 20 thousand dollars. Such success forced the programmers to believe in their strength, defining the future strategy for implementing their own concepts for many years to come.
In 1971, Bill and Paul even worked for the professional company Information Sciences. The guys wrote a payroll program, but they did not finish it completely, because the project was stopped. In addition, as schoolchildren, Gates and Allen worked for TRW, where they programmed part of the code for the project that the Bonneville Energy Department staff planned to use.
In 1973, Bill Gates became a student at Harvard University. Of course, he was going to specialize in software, but the practical side of the case attracted a young man much more than the theory of science, so the unmotivated student missed many classes. Having studied only 2 courses, the beginning programmer was expelled from the university.
In early 1975, Paul Allen learns that Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems is releasing next-generation Altair 8800 computers. Bill Gates is bold enough to call Ed Roberts, who headed the organization. He tells Ed that he writes with a friend software specifically for the computers of a well-known corporation, but although it was not true, Bill's assertiveness is bearing fruit. Soon after the interview in MITS bosom friends become partners of a large company.
The guys had to come up with a name for their company. Initially they planned the name "Allen and Gates", but for the high-tech market such names are not very typical. Then the guys looked at the name of the company-employer, determined with a specific phrase - Micro-Soft (Microprocessors and Software). During the year, the hyphen of the brand name disappeared, and in November 1976, the trademark "Microsoft" was registered.
In 1976, Gates also introduced the implementation of licenses for proprietary software for direct use by computer manufacturers, which allowed them to "embed" new operating systems and programming languages in the PC. This innovation in the field of marketing significantly increased the income of the organization. MITS soon ceased to exist, but Microsoft was able to attract new customers. The corporation Apple, which was founded by Steve Jobs, and the company Commodore, as well as a major developer of computers Radio shack have become new partners of Microsoft.
Gates and Allen began to plan the development of an innovative structure for decades. The share of investments from the very beginning has been distributed on a parity. Paul Allen invested only a third of the funds in the common cause, so he owned 36% of the shares, the rest belonged to Bill Gates. The co-founders also saw their place in the company in different ways. Allen dealt mainly with technical issues, and Gates focused on developing public relations, contracts and other business contacts.
The result of Microsoft's work was the Microsoft Fortran operating system, which appeared in 1977. This OS can be safely considered the first full-fledged competitor of the standard CP / M system for computers based on Intel.
In 1980, Microsoft achieved tremendous success by concluding a deal with a computer business monster, IBM Corporation. Gates and Allen were able to offer a more tempting and promising system for their new computer than the company Digital Research, with which IBM collaborated earlier. For the sake of justice, it should be noted that Gates's friendly acquaintance with the IBM executives John Opel and John Akers had a lasting impact on this goal.
Nevertheless, soon enough the company Bill and Paul was able to offer the computer market a completely new system MS-DOS, which for a long time will become the main operating system for personal computers based on Intel. In 1985, Microsoft released a Windows system that differed from all previous competitors in graphic design. Thus, the computer era of Windows began, although the real breakthrough came only in 1993 after the appearance of the third version of this system - Windows 3.1.
In 1986, Microsoft Corporation enters the stock markets. The value of the shares grew rapidly, and within a few months Bill Gates became a billionaire. Gradually, the company's position is growing. By 1988, Microsoft was already the largest computer software developer in the world.
By 1998, Gates became the richest person in the world. Now the financial opportunities allowed him to focus on programming, and he announced that he was leaving the organization. Until 2006, Bill still answered Microsoft for a production strategy, but decided to resign from his business development responsibilities, saying that he wanted to devote his time to charity. Now Bill Gates is actively engaged in the implementation of various programs to provide assistance in different countries.
Citations of Bill Gates
• Our modern way of life is not created by politicians. Until 1700, people were poor as church mice, and their lives were short and cruel. Everything changed when people began to actively invent. Yes, stability and education are extremely important, I will not argue with this, but the real engine of progress is innovation.
• When you have a good idea, act immediately.
• Life is unfair - get used to it.
• Business - an exciting game in which the maximum of excitement is combined with a minimum of rules.
• My children will not get billions. They should understand that it is necessary to work.
• My forecast: by 2035 there will not be poor countries in the world (the poor - in the modern sense). States will find a way to use innovations to improve living standards. The human capital of these countries will significantly increase through education, and they will be able to attract investment.
• I'm pleased to see how computers have ceased to be something exotic. They have become a tool that we use every day. Once this was my dream, which has now become a reality.
About Bill Gates Education
When the boy went to school, his parents wrote him to the most privileged school in Seattle - Lakeside.
The founder of Microsoft, Bill Gates finally received a diploma of higher education at Harvard University, which he did not finish, he left more than 30 years ago. Now the world's richest man will not be ashamed to appear in the company of graduates. Bill Gates, who dropped out of school to create his own company, which became an actual monopolist in the software market, was sincerely glad that he was able to fulfill the promise given to his father - to get a higher education.
Billionaire without higher education
When Gates entered Harvard University, he was already seriously engaged in programming, managed to complete with his friends several successful projects in this field. However, Gates was not in the choice of education for special preferences, so almost randomly he chose a course in jurisprudence. However, at the same time he enrolled in one of the most challenging at the university programs to study mathematics. However, Gates was not very interested in teaching, and when he discovered the computer center at the University, he began to pay even less attention to basic training courses.
With difficulty, Gates lasted until the second year. However, at this point Gates, along with Paul Allen, are seeking a large order from the company, which intended to produce one of the first personal computers. Brilliantly coping with the project, Gates, who in 1974 predicts the rapid growth of the computer market, decides to leave the university to establish his own company and devote all his time to programming. Gates did not receive a diploma of higher education, which did not prevent him from becoming the richest man in the world. In 2007, Forbes magazine estimated its fortune at $ 56 billion.
Diploma after 30 years
For the oldest and most prestigious US higher education institution - Harvard University, the absence of the Bill Gates name in the alumni lists is a great loss, given the current authority and status of the expelled student. So we can say that awarding the diploma to Gates is a mutually beneficial deal - Gates receives a diploma, which is now nothing more than a pleasant gift for him, and Harvard can boast of the richest businessman in the world among his graduates.
"We recognize Harvard's most famous member of the 1977 graduate who has not received a diploma," Rector of the University Stephen Hyman said at the ceremony. "Now a great moment has come to give alma mater a diploma." Bill Gates was sincerely happy with the successful, albeit formal, completion of his education.
Gates thanked the rector and turned to his father, who was present at the ceremony. "For over 30 years, I wanted to say this:" Daddy, I always told you that I will return and receive a diploma, "Gates said, which will turn 52 this year.