Author: Susanna Stevenson, BA in biology, MIT Department of Biology
The word biology is derived from the greek words /bios/ meaning /life/ and /logos/ meaning /study/ and is defined as the science of life and living organisms. An organism is a living entity consisting of one cell e.g. bacteria, or several cells e.g. animals, plants and fungi.
Aspects of biological science range from the study of molecular mechanisms in cells, to the classification and behaviour of organisms, how species evolve and interaction between ecosystems.
Biology often overlaps with other sciences; for example, biochemistry and toxicology with biology, chemistry, and medicine; biophysics with biology and physics; stratigraphy with biology and geography; astrobiology with biology and astronomy. Social sciences such as geography, philosophy, psychology and sociology can also interact with biology, for example, in administration of biological resources, developmental biology, biogeography, evolutionary psychology and ethics.
Options students may choose from include biochemistry, wildlife biology, zoology, botany, molecular biology, medical microbiology, immunology, toxicology, cellular biology or genetic engineering. Students who plan to apply to a master's degree in biology need a bachelor's in biology or a related field.
How long does it take to get a bachelor's degree in biology?
Going Further in Biology. Once you graduate with your bachelor's, you may be tempted to immediately join the workforce. However, if you successfully graduate in four years or less, you likely have what it takes to achieve a master's degree within one or two years.
What are the different types of biology majors?
The specific major you choose will play a role in what doors are open to you after college.
- General Biology. ...
- Marine Biology. ...
- Biochemistry or Molecular Biology. ...
- Botany. ...
- Zoology. ...
- Ecology or Environmental Studies. ...
- Microbiology. ...
- Pre-Medical Studies.
Can you become a doctor with a degree in biology?
Some medical schools offer pre-med programs you can pass that will give you the necessary classes to enroll into medical school and prepare you for the MCAT (Medical College Admission Test). Common coursework needed to obtain a Bachelor of Science in Biology degree includes: Biology studies.Chemistry.
What can I do with a degree in biological sciences?
Essential Information. Bachelor's degree programs in biological science examine many areas of life science, such as microbiology, ecology and biochemistry. Many concentrations in this 4-year program are available, including microbiology, molecular biology, human biology and biotechnology.
What can you do with a bachelor's degree in biology?
9 Entry-Level Biology Jobs That You Can Get With a Bachelor's Degree
- Pharmaceutical Sales Representative. ...
- Environmental Scientist or Specialist. ...
- Occupational Health and Safety Specialist. ...
- Conservation Scientist. ...
- High School Teacher. ...
- Environmental Technician. ...
- Biological Technician or Research Assistant.
How much money do biologists make a year?
As of May 2012, wildlife biologists made a median annual salary of $62,500, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
How long does it take to become a biologist?
How long does it take to become a marine biologist? Marine biologists must complete at least a bachelor's degree, which takes about four years. Marine biologists who pursue master's degrees may take an additional two to three years to complete their education, and earning a PhD will take up to six years more.
Where does a biologist work?
A biologist is a scientist who studies life, specifically organisms and their relationship to their environment. Generally speaking, biologists study humans, animals and bacteria to gain a better understanding of how the body works and how external factors influence each organism.
What colleges are known for biology?
- Harvard University. 4 Year. Cambridge, MA. ...
- Stanford University. 4 Year. Stanford, CA. ...
- Yale University. 4 Year. New Haven, CT. ...
- 2018 Best Colleges. 2018 Best Colleges for Chemistry. ...
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 4 Year. ...
- Duke University. 4 Year. ...
- Princeton University. 4 Year. ...
- Washington University in St. Louis. 4 Year.
What is it to major in biology?
The Biology major provides students with a broad base for understanding principles governing life processes at all levels–molecular, cellular, organismal, and ecological. An evolutionary perspective guides all areas of the curriculum–development, behavior, physiology, genetics, and more.
What classes are required for a biology major?
Biological and Biomedical Sciences
- Cellular Biology and Anatomical Sciences.
- Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
- General Biology.
- Microbiology and Immunology.
- Molecular Biology, Biochemistry and Biophysics.
- Pharmacology and Toxicology.
- Physiology and Related Sciences.
What do you have to major in to become a doctor?
There is no specific major that prospective doctors need to pursue before enrolling in medical school. However, it's important that students take several science and science-related courses. Examples of majors may include chemistry, physics and biology.
Is a marine biologist a scientist?
Marine biology is the study of marine organisms, their behaviors and interactions with the environment. Marine biologists study biological oceanography and the associated fields of chemical, physical, and geological oceanography to understand marine organisms.
What careers are in biological sciences?
Jobs directly related to your degree include:
- Higher education lecturer.
- Marine biologist.
- Nature conservation officer.
- Physician associate.
What is the salary of a biological scientist?
That figure increases to $82,150 for biophysicists and biochemists, while biological scientists brought in a median yearly wage of $75,150, according to 2015 data from the BLS. PayScale.com reported that the median annual salary for biotechnology research scientists was $80,103 as of October 2016.
Is there a difference between biology and biological sciences?
Neither is more respected, but the content may differ between them. For instance, 'biological sciences' at the university I go to has a greater emphasis on biochemistry, microbiology and genetics, while the biology degree course is more ecology, zoology and plant sciences oriented.
What is a BS degree in biology?
The Biological Sciences B.S. degree is more oriented toward science and math courses, with fewer General Education requirements. The Biological Sciences B.A.degree allows students to pursue a typical liberal arts education while still receiving excellent training in biology.
How much money does a biological technician make?
Salary range. Entry-level Biological Technicians who starts out at $33840 can expect to make $42520 after 3-5 years of experience in the field. The bottom 10% makes less than $13.300 per hour while the top 10% makes over $33.460 per hour. While the median wage is $42520 per annum or $20.440 per hour.
What is the biological sciences?
Biological Sciences is an exciting and rapidly developing subject area. The study of living things has undergone tremendous expansion in recent years, and topics such as cell biology, developmental biology, evolutionary biology and ecology are advancing rapidly - all of these areas are covered in the taught course.
 What is Biology? - NTNU https://www.ntnu.edu/biology/what-is-biology
 MIT Department of Biology https://biology.mit.edu/
 Biology Classroom Resources | NSF - National Science Foundation https://www.nsf.gov/news/classroom/biology.jsp